Sex and Relationships
Policy Document for Sex & Relationships Education
Reviewed spring 2017
Next review due spring 2020
The school and curriculum aim to work with parents or adults who care for children, to educate our children and provide them with knowledge & Understanding, Personal & Social skills and Attitudes & Values.
Our children are growing up in an ever-changing and complex world and are exposed to an increasing range of influences. Often children are given mixed messages by unreliable sources and we need to ensure that facts and issues surrounding sex and relationships are presented in an objective and balanced way and that our children are guided through by responsible adults.
Our teaching will be flexible to connect with all of our children, their experiences, abilities and backgrounds. Sex and Relationship Education (SRE) is essential if young people are to make responsible, informed and healthy decisions about their lives, both now and in the future. A successful programme will help young people learn to respect themselves and others, and move confidently from childhood through adolescence and into adulthood.
Our Sex & Relationships Education policy aims to enable children to:
- Make and keep good relationships with friends and family
- Respect their own and others’ ways of life, feelings, bodies, belongings and places
- Feel good about the way they are growing up
- Prepare them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life
- Make responsible, informed and healthy decisions about their lives, both now and in the future
- Encourage safe behaviours and prevent unsafe behaviours
The legal requirements are set out in the following documents:
- Circular 116/2000 Sex & Relationships Education Guidance-Legal Requirement for schools to provide SRE as part of a broad and balanced curriculum and should be firmly rooted in the PSHE Framework
- Children Act 2004
- Every Child Matters:
- National Healthy Schools Provision
- Section 122 Local Government Act 2003 that prohibits the teaching in state schools of the acceptability of homosexuality as a ‘pretended family relationship’.
Who is responsible?:
At Oaklands Infant School we teach and support our children in this area with skill and sensitivity, knowing the children and having a trusting relationship. The delivery of Sex and Relationship Education at Oaklands Infant School is the responsibility of:
- Teaching staff
- LSAs working within the classes
- Health professionals such as the school nurse
- Parents and adults caring for children at home
Sex & Relationship Education will be taught across all year groups. This is in keeping with the non-statutory PSHE Framework and the statutory Science National Curriculum.
There are three strands which are:
- Developing confidence & responsibility
- Developing health & safer lifestyle
- Developing good relationships & differences between people
Further details can be found in resource books, primarily ‘Circle Time for the Very Young’.
Resources are carefully chosen by the PSHE co-ordinator in consultation with staff and governors. Advice is also taken from area advisers. Various resources will be used and updated regularly (Please see Appendix)
A range of teaching styles and active learning techniques:
These may include: Role play, Circle-time, Group work, Jigsaw, Storytelling, Worksheets, DVDs, Learning from real-life experience. Ground Rules for each session will be established including; respect, trust, positive contributions, listening, accepting other points of view, arguing a case, dealing with conflict and distinguishing between fact and opinion.
When teaching SRE, respect and professionalism are required.
This includes staff not discussing children except where the Child Protection Officer needs to be involved. Staff must not offer children or parents complete confidentiality; in the case of illegal activity, action will be taken in the best interest of the child.
How it is monitored & evaluated:
The effectiveness of the policy will be monitored by planning and pupil perceptions. These will be carried out by the PSHE co-ordinator. The resources used will be audited and evaluated. Staff and parent’s views will also be sought. This policy will be reviewed annually by the Governors.
Parent Right to Withdraw:
Circular 5/94 states that parents have the right to withdraw their child from ‘any or all parts of a school programme ‘other than those elements which are required by the National Curriculum Science Order: (Sc2: 1a-that the life processes common to humans and other animals include nutrition, movement, growth and reproduction and 2f-the main stages of the human life cycle)
This policy was originally formulated from a meeting of parents, staff & governors (22nd January 2009) and in liaison with Moulsham Junior & Moulsham Infant School. It has since been revised by Oaklands Infant School Staff.
Resources for Sex & Relationship Education
Circle Time for the very young – Margaret Collins
Me & My Relationships – Essex Works planning tool (Health for Life)
We endeavour to teach using factual and objective delivery of the facts. In any instance where a teacher is unsure of how to tackle issues, how to word answers or what exactly to say, they need to refer to the PSHE subject leader/DHT/HT. Where relevant the teacher should discuss the matter with the parents to seek their view and check for any information from the family or the past which may have an impact on the teaching of SRE in school.